Garnet is the official birthstone for the month of January as adopted by the American Gem Trade Association in 1912. The name garnet is derived from the Latin word for seed or grain, “granatus”. It’s commonly associated with the fruit pomegranate, as the abundant variety of garnet crystals has a deep red color similar to the fruit’s seeds.
Esteemed as a stone of illumination in ancient lore, garnet was thought to provide light and illuminate the night. The gem’s shimmering brilliance makes it a favorite amulet among travelers. It is also said that Noah had a hanging lantern made of garnets on the bow of his ark to guide the way through the flood and throughout the course of navigation.
The name garnet is given to a group of silicate minerals that have been used as early as the Bronze Age.
Garnet occurs in many colors but is renowned for the deep red hue. Other colors include green, purple, yellow, pink, orange, colorless, black and brown. Most of the commercially available garnets are not treated; almost all colors are natural as well as the clarity.
With a hardness rating of 7-7.5 in the Mohs scale, garnet is a great choice for all types of jewelry settings. Jewelry pieces with garnet are extremely popular as a gift for birthdays, graduations, and wedding anniversaries.
With abundant sources of garnet globally, jewelry pieces made of this gem are less expensive than the other stones. Thus, it has been set to a lot of jewelry collection from fashion rings, necklaces, bracelets, brooches, and earrings.
Apart from its relatively inexpensive price, garnet jewelry pieces are highly sought for its luscious colors.
Garnet represents the 2nd and 6th year of marriage.
Major portions of Garnet are mined in Africa, Sri Lanka, Russia, and India.